Sticker Encyclopedia (Sticker Reference)

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Contrary to popular belief, it is not only human behavior that resists radical behavioristic explanation; the theory does not even really work for the rats. Defends divine command theories against a variety of objections. See Vacuum and void Voigt, Woldemar, Dingler and, 3:85 Voix et le phénomène, La (Derrida), 9:274 Volckmann, W., Lotze and, 5:580 Volder, Burchard de, Leibniz and, 5:254 Volition, 9:703–706 action and, 1:88–89 Aquinas on, 9:433–434 and assent, 5:98 and consciousness, 5:48 contemporary debate on, 3:19–21 Croce on, 2:603 vs. desire, 9:704 Epictetus on, 3:262 error and, 3:345–346 vs. intention, 9:704 McDougall on, 8:147 mental action of, 9:704 Peirce on, 7:171 Rehmke on, 8:303 Ryle on, 3:19 second-order, 3:718–719, 7:240 without experience, 9:703–704 See also Will Volitional necessities, 3:719 Volkelt, Johannes, in neo-Kantianism, 6:540–542 Völkerpsychologie (Wundt), 9:849–850 Volland, Sophie, 3:71–72 “Völlstandigkeit der Axiome des logischen Funktionkalküls, Die” (Gödel), 5:473 Volksgeist (spirit of a people), 8:497, 8:615 Volney, Constantin-François de Chasseboeuf, Comte de, 2:760, 9:706–707 Voloshinov, Valentin Nikolaeovich, and Bakhtin Circle, 1:469 Volski, Stanislav, 9:707–708 “Voltaire” (Carlyle), 2:33 2nd edition • 659 index Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de, 4:169, 9:708–714 Bolingbroke and, 2:685 Boulainvilliers and, 2:265 Carlyle on, 2:33 clandestine literature and, 2:264, 2:267 on creation, biblical account of, 9:101 on death, 2:651 deism and, 2:687–691 Encyclopédie and, 3:223–225 Enlightenment and, 3:244 on ethics, 3:409 on evil, 3:469–470, 3:473 Franklin lionized by, 3:720 French liberalism and, 5:320 French Revolution and, 3:243, 9:520 Gibbon and, 4:86 Gracián and, 4:169 Holbach and, 3:71 Leibniz and, 5:254, 5:265 Locke and, 5:392 Lucian of Samosata and, 5:597 Maillet and, 5:644 Meslier and, 2:266 Mirabaud and, 2:266 Newton and, 3:246 Nietzsche and, 6:611 on philosophes, 2:688 in philosophy of history, 7:386–388 Rousseau and, 2:687 Saint-Hyacinthe and, 8:588 sensationalism and, 3:72 Socrates and, 9:113 on Spinoza, 9:193 Strauss on, 9:263 on toleration, 3:245 on “why” questions, meaningful and meaningless, 9:760 on world, why it exists, 9:759 Voluntarism, 9:714–717 in Augustinianism, 6:99 and belief, 1:534–535 Bellarmine on, 1:542 Biel on, 1:594 Carnap on, 2:36, 2:44 free will in, William of Auvergne on, 9:766 Godfrey of Fontaine on, 4:131 Iqbal on, 4:744 Mercier on, 6:145 metaphysical, 9:716–717 psychological, 9:714–715 of Schiller (Ferdinand), 8:623–624 Sigwart on, 9:29 Solov’ëv and, 9:123 Voluntarist theories, 3:531–533 Voluntaristic idealism, 3:705, 8:520–521 Voluntary action Augustine on, 1:395–397 Bergson on, 1:565 in legal theory, 7:447 and perception, 1:565 Voluntary agencies, and Ockham’s rule of induction, 9:778 Voluntary euthanasia active, 3:456–458 passive, 3:456–458 Vom Baum des Wissens Guts and Boss (Franck), 3:713 Vom Beruf unserer Zeit für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft (Savigny), 8:615 Vom Dasein Gottes (Brentano), 1:692 Vom Erkennen und Empfinden der Menschlichen Seele (Herder), 1:55 Vom Ich als Prinzip der Philosophie (Schelling), 4:557, 8:618 Vom Menschen (Sombart), 9:128 Vom Musikalisch-Schönen (Hanslick), 1:56 Von dem grewlichen laster der trunckenheyt (Franck), 3:712 Von der Pflicht der Philosophie in unserer Zeit (“On the Duty of Philosophy in Our Age”) (Liebert), 5:343 Von der Physiognomik (Lavater), 5:213 von Neumann algebra, 2:343 von Neumann-Bernays-Gödel set theory, surreal numbers system and, 2:508 von Neumann-Dirac collapse, 5:696–697 von Wright, Henrik, modal logic and, 5:491 Voprosy Filosoffii i Psikhologii (Problems of Philosophy and Psychology) (Lopatin), 5:572 Vorländer, Karl, 6:543 Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik (Schröder), 5:462 Vorlesungen über die Methode des academischen Studiums (Schelling), 8:620 Vorlesungen über praktische Philosophie (Lectures on practical philosophy) (Natorp), 6:490–491 Vorschule der Aesthetik (Fechner), 3:556 Vortices theory, in Cartesianism, 2:54, 3:683 Vorwärts (periodical), 3:57 Vostok, Rossiia i slavianstvo (The East, Russia, and Slavdom) (Leont’ev), 5:283 Voting, game theory and, 2:53 Vouillemin, General, Vienna Circle and, 5:525 Vowels, Sanskrit, 7:413 Voyage du Monde (Daniel), 4:790 Voyage en égypte et Syrie (Volney), 9:706 Vperyed! (Forward!) (periodical), 5:219 Vrtra, 5:327 Vvedenskii, Aleksandr, 5:199, 5:576 Vyakti (particular), in Indian grammar, 9:581 Vygotsky, Lev Semyonovitch, 9:77 Vyrubov, G.

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The New Encyclopedia of Science: 9-Volume-Set

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Retiring to private life, Rosmini continued his writing and assumed the direction of his institute. Aristotle’s works have been said to present a system in potentia. He was born around 462 CE in Damascus and studied in Alexandria and Athens. It would be equally impossible by purely logical analysis to translate the statement “Italy declared war” into a series of assertions about individual Italians, but this is no reason for thinking that “Italy” is the word for some incorporeal substance.

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Children's Encyclopaedia of Questions and Answers: Bk. 1

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But relative to the aim of cracking a walnut’s shell, a cognition in which that belief occurs would not be reliable, since the vase lacks the causal capacity to crack open a nut. Hence, an object that cannot be proven as real on the basis of cognition may still be real on the basis of faith. The reasons for this are unclear; although unknown external, personal or political circumstances may have played a role, a likely explanation is that Philoponus had reached a point where his fundamental disagreement with the philosophical establishment compromised his ability to continue the pedagogical tradition of the school.

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Children's Picture Encyclopedia

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Just as McTaggart erred by using tensed verbs when talk- ing of the B series, he in effect made the correlative error of forgetting tenses (or equivalent devices) when talking of the A series. Proponents of this view will grant that none of the mod- els proposed to account for subjectivity really explains it; but, they argue, that is due to the human intuitive con- ception of subjectivity—indeed of consciousness in gen- eral—being too confused, or incoherent, to be susceptible to scientific explanation.

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My First Picture Encyclopedias

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Indeed, one may suspect that questions of how empirical results are relevant to normative questions will itself become an important locus of dispute (if it is not so already) in assessing rival moral epistemologies. If anything about the Helen is unequivocally serious, it is the miniencomium to logos, with its conception of language as an instrument of manipulation, a conception the Helen itself aims to dis- play.

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The Heinemann Illustrated Encyclopedia: Aar-Bir Vol 1

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In what is perhaps his most profound theological discussion, Plotinus tries to establish the concept of the One as Lord of itself and thus not having to serve even itself, so that in the One freedom and necessity coincide (VI 8 [39], Chs. 7–21). The class of statements thus specified will be identical with the class of statements that moral philosophers have traditionally been concerned with. The communities failed, but a series of pamphlets by Winstanley survived, of which The New Law of Righteousness (1649) was the most important.

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Look it up (Set of 16)

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Mesnard, Pierre. “The Psychology and Pneumatology of Jean Bodin.” International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (May 1962). Receiving his doctorate from the Uni- versity of Helsinki in 1956, he was a junior fellow at Har- vard University from 1956 to 1959, a research professor at the Academy of Finland, and a professor of philosophy at the universities of Helsinki, Stanford, Florida State, and currently Boston University.

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Space

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So, this sort of self-blindness may seem not to count against introspectionism. His own metaphysical system is in the background. With no limitations on such competition, violence ensues and a “war of every man against every man” arises. Some argue that prospective parents who feel the need for genetic connections with their offspring simply mistakenly essen- tialistic, and should be re-educated accordingly (Post 1997).

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Awesome Ency Of Endangered/Ext (Encyclopedia Of...)

Michael Bright

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In De Doctrina Christiana, however, Milton stressed the importance of the primary or unwritten law of nature that was “given originally to Adam, and of which a certain remnant, or imperfect illumination, still dwells in the hearts of all mankind; which, in the regenerate, under the influence of the Holy Spirit, is daily tending towards a renewal of its primitive brightness.” This law teaches whatever is intrinsically good and agreeable to right reason, and in making it the final authority, Milton gave his ethic a religious orientation.

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Weird Creatures Encyclopedia

Andrew Donkin

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The Culture Industry: Selected Essays on Mass Culture, edited by J. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition • 635 DARWINISM ancestor, but its remains have not been found. But we do not know what behavior and cir- cumstances go with this sentence. If Reid’s first principles are construed in the particularist way, he is not only a foundationalist in his epistemology but also (in one important sense) an externalist. Both Maxwell and Boltzmann also argued that approach to equilibrium should also be thought of probabilistically.

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