Record Breakers (Pockets)

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Taken by themselves, both myth and dialectics are limited and an adequate outlook can be based, Losev insists, only on their synthesis. For Peirce’s views, see the Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, edited by Charles Hartshorne, Paul Weiss, and Arthur Burks (8 vols., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931–1958), especially “Ampliative Reasoning,” Vol. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979. In this way our self-conceptions have structures that are different from our conceptions of other individuals of importance to us.

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Science Encyclopedia (DK Pockets)

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It holds that moral facts and properties are not metaphysically inferior in kind to many ordinary sorts of non-moral facts and properties. See also Absolute, The; Aristotle; Dewey, John; Emerson, Ralph Waldo; Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas; Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich; Hegelianism; Howison, George Holmes; Idealism; James, Henry; James, William; Peirce, Charles Sanders; Rosenkranz, Johann Karl Friedrich; Ward, James. And yet, the reduction theorem shows that everything calculable by a device satisfying the constraints, a Gandy machine, is already computable by a Turing machine.

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Transform!: How Everyday Things Are Made

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Gottlob Frege had much earlier defined an analytic truth as one in whose proof one finds only “general logical laws and definitions,” and he had sought to show that arithmetical propositions are analytic in this sense. Cumberland also sketches a moral calculus of the sort Francis Hutcheson was to employ; there are many resemblances between his moral philosophy and the third earl of Shaftesbury’s; he has been described as the first systematic utilitarian; the organic theory of morality and of the state is conspicuous in his work; resemblances between Cumberland and Benedict de Spinoza are easy to detect.

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4000 Things You Should Know

John Farndon

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Otázky Marxistickej Filozofie (Bratislava, Czechoslovakia; formerly Prague), issued six times a year, with variations. Because Harman’s sniper does not unknowingly or accidentally alert the enemy, many people will deny that the sniper unintentionally alerted them. The work of Michael Baxandall (1995), John Willats (1997), and Patrick Maynard (2005) constitute the beginnings of an effort to make principled sense of the whole range of psychologically natural pictorial idioms (and the uses and limitations of each) in a manner informed by emerging computational accounts of vision.

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The Macmillan Compact Encyclopedia

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The first clear recognition of the need to postulate universals might have come, not so much from the theory of meaning but from reflecting on the generality or repeatability of the audible words themselves. This general line was developed by Rudolf Carnap (1891–1970) into a form of conventionalism. Such a science would enable us to become “the masters and possessors of nature.” It would offer the hope of discovering new ways to maintain our health and prolong our lives.

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First Things to Know (Little Owl Young Learners)

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Besides the sources of Kabbalah in the doctrines and literature of the Jewish tradition, a wide variety of other sources has been noted, which have introduced elements from the various cultures with which the Jewish people have come in contact in their dispersion. It is realized through a creative process like that of God cre- ating his own image in man. He was elected to the Académie Française in 1726, becoming its secretary in 1742.

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Award Childrens Encyclopedia

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Whether this is an exact expression of Socrates’ attitude toward life may, however, be doubted in view of other dialogues, such as the Protagoras. The very notion of formal logic presupposes something not formal: data drawn from some other source, be it pure intuition or perception. He is, rather, expressing a “picture preference.” It is rewarding to him to think of the situation as if a gardener were coming to take care of the flowers. Theories of Probability: An Examination of Foundations.

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Catopia: A Cat Compendium

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Mannheim’s thought resembles that of such philosophers as Auguste Comte and G. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974. 628 • ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition DARWIN, CHARLES ROBERT earthworms on the soil, the variation of domesticated animals and plants, and the theory of evolution. NYAYA-VAISESIKA Although Nyayasutras and Vaisesikasutras were com- posed by different authors, because of certain similarities in the way they viewed ontology and epistemology, they gradually came to be discussed jointly in all discussions of the philosophical schools.

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Encyclopedia (Travel Guide)

John Farndon

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This, however, is a historical, not a logical, consideration. Many of his writings were published posthumously. Jena, Germany: Fischer, 1896; 10th ed. titled Der proletarische Sozialismus, 2 vols. Rousseau’s literary career began in 1750 with the publication of the Discours sur les sciences et les arts, which had previously won a prize at the Academy of Dijon. Jo-shui Chen (2005) liar paradox, the Attributions of truth and falsehood under certain conditions generate the “liar paradox.” The most famous illustration of this comes from the Epistle to Titus, in which 316 • ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition LIAR PARADOX, THE St.

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Firefly Encyclopedia of Animals

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Nominalism was able to present the appearance of being a distinct theory of universals only as long as its exponents and critics alike failed to apply to it the type-token distinction. See Peter Lombard L’Ombre de la Damoiselle de Gournay (The Shadow of Mademoiselle de Gournay) (Gournay), 4:167 Lombroso, Cesare, positivism of, 7:714 London, Fritz, 7:146 Long, A. If the reference book is well known, do not include the publication information. After leaving Oxford, Hobhouse became influential among the “New Liberals,” who sought to combine Liberalism with a measure of organized collective action.

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