By Radhika Singha
This quantity offers with law-making as a cultural company during which the colonial kingdom needed to draw upon present normative codes of rank, prestige and gender, and re-order them to a brand new and extra particular definition of the state's sovereign correct.
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Extra info for A Despotism of Law: Crime and Justice in Early Colonial India
20. Civil Artthority and Due Process 49 tradition of tkin, pious endowments, by which indigenous clites supported Sanskrit leaming did not carry the same connotation. The Islamic Law, the Law Officers, and the Company's Subjects, lbe application ofIslamic law to the legal claims of the state was another issue which involved the status of the Muslim service literati, but it also opened up a wider social field for the expression of contending rights and claims. 51 Certainly, the association between the sharia and the Mughal imperial tradition was of crucial importance to the Company.
Cf. RB to GG in C, II January 1789, BRC P/51132, 4 February 1789, p. 168. Cornwallis drew UpOl1 this correspondcllce to frill11l: some of the arguments on which he outlined the judid;ll 'reforms' of 17f)(), nRC P/52123, 3 December 1790, p, 219. Bri -ish collectors in Bengal proper at the time were not supposed to interfere in the faujdari lldalats superviscd by the Naib Nnim, Muhamln;l(1 Reza Khan, In practise they intcrvcncd in tri;l(s hm Ihcy h;ld no fOrlml illithority lO do so. '~t:d,'·~·'-"'l'· I f Jt I ~ 1 ; < t :t -I ~~ Courts, and to reduce the weight of negotiations between P'aintiff lind offender in the fonnal procedure of the trial.
In Bengal this proposition applied pomte(": to the zamindars and intermediary revenue farmers who were suspecte~ encouraging banditly to resist revenue payment. Cf. WH's letter of lO'J~ 1773, Supplement, pp. 114-15. ' country into confusion. But confinement in the civil jail and criminal pros' in certain instances was the other line of action he adopted against citrance in revenue payment. Cf. RB to GG in C, 25 November 179'O~ BanarllS affairs (1788-1810), pp. 194-240, and chapter three. 141 See chapters two and five.