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By Gwendolyn Leick

The Dictionary of historical close to jap Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented by way of the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of beginning of major texts and a quick heritage in their transmission during the a long time; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or kinds of mythological figures.

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Gap of some 40 lines] Then follows a section that is also known as THE PALACE OF BAAL. It begins with the description of the goddess Anat, who adorns and scents herself before she goes down into the valleys to fight ‘between two cities’, where she smites the people of the seashore. She causes havoc among the population and decorates herself with the heads and hands of slain victims. Not satisfied with these violent deeds, she turns her household furniture into an army and wades knee-deep in blood and gore.

She is the recipient of numerous votive offerings, especially during the Neo-Sumerian period (Gudea). At this time Baba became known as the daughter of An and the planet Venus. During the Old Babylonian period she became identified with the goddess of healing, Ninisinna, and with Inanna. Towards the end of the second millennium BC she also appeared in connection with magic, equated with Ningirim, the goddess of incantations. Jean 1931, 81–5; Ebeling RLAI 1932, 432–3; Edzard, WdM 1965, 45 Babylonian mythology (see figures 7 and 9) What we define here as Babylonian myths are a number of texts which were written in Akkadian during the second millennium BC (some may be older and the Erra-Epic is from the first millennium).

Ninhursag, however, removes or just transforms the seed of Enki to create eight plants (corresponding to the eight basic plant-groups). Again Enki desires the plants, he wants to ‘know’ their nature. He needs to be ferried from his domain, the Apsu (here probably the marshes), to the garden where the plants grow and proceeds to eat them one by one. This causes the anger of Ninhursag, as it is she alone who should ‘know’ them or decree their fate. She curses Enki who becomes afflicted in eight different parts of his body.

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