By Bruno Palier
An extended so long to Bismarck? is the 1st learn to supply an exhaustive comparative account of all welfare reforms in continental Europe in past times 3 many years, overlaying Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, and Switzerland.
Read Online or Download A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?: The Politics of Welfare Reform in Continental Europe (Amsterdam University Press - Changing Welfare States Series) PDF
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Extra info for A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?: The Politics of Welfare Reform in Continental Europe (Amsterdam University Press - Changing Welfare States Series)
When the instruments of policy as well as their settings are altered in response to past experience even though the overall goals of policy remain the same, [this] might be said to reflect a process of second order change... Simultaneous changes in all three components of policy: the instrument settings, the instruments themselves, and the hierarchy of goals behind policy... occur rarely, but when they do occur as a result of reflection on past experience, we can describe them as instances of third order change’ (Hall 1993: 278-279).
The aim was to render social assistance redundant by providing all workers with social insurance and by sustaining full (male) employment. The system covered everybody as long as all male workers would be employed with a full-time open-ended working contract, families remained stable, and unemployment was only frictional. In terms of redistribution, in line with the ‘equivalence’ principle, the goal was not to reduce income inequalities or to prevent poverty, but to guarantee the highest replacement rate possible.
The final section of this introduction turns instead to look more closely at the origins of Bismarckian systems of social protection and at their basic characteristics and functioning through their ‘heyday’ up to the late 1970s, on the eve of the period that is covered by the contributions to this volume. 3 Bismarckian Welfare Systems as they Were15 This section will focus on the origins of ‘Bismarckian’ welfare systems, on the main goals they tried to achieve through their historical development, on the specific principles on which they rely and the institutional arrangements that characterized them in the late 1970s, just before the beginning of the period studied in all country chapters.