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By Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak

The religious revival that's sweeping the Soviet Union at the present time had its genesis within the spiritual renaissance of the early twentieth century. In either circumstances, it used to be lay intellectuals, disappointed with simplistic positivism and materialism, who tailored Russian orthodoxy to trendy existence. Their rules reverberated, not just in faith and philosophy, yet in artwork, literature, portray, theater and movie. Banned by way of the Soviet govt in 1922, the writings of the spiritual renaissance have been rediscovered within the Brezhnev period through a brand new new release of Soviet intellectuals disenchanted with Marxism. Circulating from hand at hand in unlawful typewritten versions (samizdat), they exerted an evergrowing effect on Soviet society, from the very most sensible all the way down to usual humans. below the recent coverage of glasnost, the govt itself is at the moment reprinting their works. the decisions incorporated during this quantity mirror the profundity and breadth in their suggestion and are provided in English for the 1st time. the popularity of the common want and importance of religious values and beliefs united this in a different way heterogeneous staff and bears witness to the variety in their method of the fundamental problems with the human . The centrality of those lay intellectuals' issues transcends the specifics of the ancient state of affairs in early twentieth century Russia and makes their writings suitable to the common human . so as of visual appeal, the choices are: VLADIMIR SOLOVYOV, The Enemy from the East, The Russian nationwide excellent; NIKOLAI GROT, at the real projects of Philosophy; SERGEI DIAGHILEV, advanced Questions; VASILLY V. ROZANOV, On Sweetest Jesus and the sour culmination of the area; NIKOLAI BERDIAEV, Socialism as faith; SERGEI BULGAKOV, An pressing job; VIACHISLAV IVANOV, quandary of Individualism, GEORGII CHULKOV, On Mystical Anarchism; DMITRI S. MEREZHKOVSKY, Revolution and faith, The Jewish query As a Russian query; GEORGII FLOROVSKY, on the planet of Quests and Wanderings; PAVEL NOVGORODTSEV, The Essence of the Russian Orthodox attention; PETR STRUVE, The Intelligentsia and the nationwide Face; ANDREI BELY, Revolution and tradition; ALEKSANDR BLOK, Catiline; EVGENY TRUBETSKOI, The Bolshevist Utopia and the spiritual flow.

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In 1909, popular thinkers among the intelligentsia and some philosophers issued a symposium Vekhi (Landmarks) that became a cause célèbre of Russian society. 1 Accusing the intelligentsia of fostering a mystique of revolution, of neglecting constructive activity, ethics, and law, they in effect blamed the intelligentsia for the ills of Russia and called for a return to religion and eternal values. Leading radicals felt obliged to issue critiques of it, and arguments pro and con split the educated world.

The recent Soviet film Repentance concludes with the rhetorical question What is a street without a church? On June 11, 1989, Moskovskie novosti published an article The Mad Russian Idea describing, positively, the relevance of the attempts at spiritual renewal and Christian politics of Solovyov, Berdiaev, Merezhkovsky, Shestov, Florensky, Frank, and Fedotov, and announced plans to publish their works in important journals Page xi such as Voprosy literatury (Problems of Literature), Voprosy filosofii (Problems of Philosophy), and Literaturnaia ucheba (Literary Studies).

The revival of the Hebrew language (banned from the 1920s to late-1988, as the language of prayer and of Zionism), and the resurgence of interest in Jewish history and culture, and in Israel, are major aspects of the Soviet Jews' search for a national/cultural identity. The issues posed by the thinkers treated in this volume are more relevant than ever. The second edition corrects minor typographical errors, adds Solovyov's 1891 essay The Russian National Ideal, and replaces Merezhkovsky's essay Sword with his Revolution and Religion (1907)we thought that the association of religion and revolution all over the contemporary world made this essay especially relevant for contemporary readersand a bibliography.

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