By Stephen Hester, Peter Eglin
Designed in its place to traditional texts on criminology, "A Sociology of Crime" departs from the normal situation with felony behaviour and its factors to stress the socially built nature of crime. Taking a viewpoint from radical sociology, Stephen Hester and Peter Elgin argue that crime is a fabricated from social techniques which determine convinced acts and individuals as felony. of their exploration of this subject matter, Hester and Elgin use 3 best ways in modern sociological idea - ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism, and structural clash concept. They observe each one of those tips on how to an in depth examine of the anatomy of crime, whilst reviewing different major criminological views on each side of the Atlantic, together with the feminist one. They specialize in 3 major issues: making crime through making legal legislations; making crime via implementing legal legislation; and making crime through the management of legal justice within the courts. foreign in outlook, "A Sociology of Crime" comprises fabric from the united states, Britain and Canada that is heavily associated with the theoretical methods mentioned. This e-book might be of curiosity to undergraduates and postgraduates in criminology and sociology.
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Additional info for A Sociology of Crime
The deviant is one to whom that label has successfully been applied; deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label. (Becker 1963: 9, emphasis in original) Similarly, as Quinney writes: First, my perspective is based on a special conception of society. Society is characterized by diversity, conflict, coercion and change, rather than by consensus and stability. Second, law is a result of the operation of interests, rather than an instrument that functions outside of particular interests. Though law may control interests, it is in the first place created by interests.
Marijuana is a social problem too. Since it is illegal, many people who want to use the drug do so in defiance of the law and, therefore, engage in criminal activity. The implication of the argument which labelling theory [here subsumed under the social constructionist perspective] puts forward is clear. If people ceased to be concerned about marijuana, then the problem would disappear. Marijuana use would not cease: smoking it would stop being an illegal activity. One might speculate that the amount of marijuana use would also decline as a consequence of legalisation since some people might be smoking it now for the satisfaction to be obtained from a relatively harmless but illegal activity.
One possible answer, of the sort which we shall be attending to in Constructing criminal law 39 greater depth in the following chapter, is provided by structural conflict theory, namely that it diverts attention from corporate malpractice in the manufacture of vehicles, that is, the failure of manufacturers, through their desire to maximize profit, to ensure that their vehicles are as safe as they can possibly be in the event of accidents. There is evidence which shows that the degree of injury and the extent offatalities are both related to the type of vehicle, with the cheaper and smaller types of vehicles offering the most chance of the more serious consequences.