Download An Empire of Others: Creating Ethnographic Knowledge in by Rolant Czvetkovski (ed.), Aleksis Hoffmeister (ed.) PDF

By Rolant Czvetkovski (ed.), Aleksis Hoffmeister (ed.)

Ethnographers helped to understand, to appreciate and in addition to form imperial in addition to Soviet Russia’s cultural range. This quantity specializes in the contexts within which ethnographic wisdom used to be created. often, ethnographic findings have been outdated via imperial discourse: Defining areas, connecting them with ethnic origins and conceiving nationwide entities inevitably implied the mapping of political and historic hierarchies. yet past those spatial conceptualizations the essays quite handle the categorical stipulations within which ethnographic wisdom seemed and adjusted. at the one hand, they flip to the different fields into which ethnographic wisdom poured and materialized, i.e., heritage, historiography, anthropology or ideology. at the different, they both think of the impression of the explicit codecs, i.e., photographs, maps, atlases, lectures, songs, museums, and exhibitions, on educational in addition to non-academic manifestations.

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But his scientific perspective clearly mirrors the age before the advent of nationalism. In his effort to separate historical and ethnographic fields of research, in 1740 Müller published more instructions describing in great detail the forms of ethnographic observation in the field and unbiased description. He now explicitly excluded the Russian colonists from the ethnographic endeavor. Because the Russian academy did not publish the results of the Second Kamchatka Expedition, journals, ethnographic collections, and drawings of flora and fauna, as well as of the inhabitants of the peninsula and of their architecture, were kept in the archives.

However, a chair of anthropology was founded at Moscow University in 1880. Its first holder was Dmitry N. Anuchin (1843–1923), a member of the RGO. Cf. H. Schulz and St. P. Dunn, “Mensch– Anthropologie” [Man–anthropology], in Sowjetsystem und Demokratische Gesellschaft. Eine vergleichende Enzyklopädie [Soviet system and democratic society. A comparative encyclopedia], vol. 4 (Freiburg, Basel, and Vienna: Herder, 1971), 461–491, 476–477. 47 It was now called Imperatorskoe Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo.

Cf. H. Schulz and St. P. Dunn, “Mensch– Anthropologie” [Man–anthropology], in Sowjetsystem und Demokratische Gesellschaft. Eine vergleichende Enzyklopädie [Soviet system and democratic society. A comparative encyclopedia], vol. 4 (Freiburg, Basel, and Vienna: Herder, 1971), 461–491, 476–477. 47 It was now called Imperatorskoe Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo. Nathaniel Knight, “Science, Empire, and Nationality: Ethnography in the Russian Geographical Society 1845–1855,” in Imperial Russia: New Histories for the Empire, eds.

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